Session III:
Physically-based simulation of earthquike generation and the earthquake cycle

2nd ACES (APEC Cooperation for Earthquake Simulation) Workshop in Japan



Physical modelling of earthquake generation cycles at transcurrent plate boundaries
Chihiro Hashimoto, Mitsuhiro Matsu'ura


Abstract

We have constructed a 3-D physical model of earthquake generation cycles at transcurrent plate boundaries by incorporating the slip- and time-dependent fault constitutive law into the quasi-static tectonic loading model. With this model we have numerically simulated the entire process of earthquake generation and revealed the evolution of fault constitutive properties during a complete earthquake cycle. In this model the fault strength decreases with fault slip and increases with stationary contact time. After the arrest of dynamic rupture, the restoration of the peak strength. sigma_p proceeds rapidly. On the other hand, the restoration of the critical weakening displacement Dc proceeds gradually with time through the interseismic period. These results give a theoretical explanation for observational facts of the event-scale dependence of Dc.

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